Understanding Your Rights In Federal And State Anti-Discrimination

There are four primary laws that protect employees from workplace discrimination and retaliation. These are:

  1. Title VII, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, religion and national origin.
  2. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), which prohibits employment discrimination against anyone in the workplace who is 40 or older.
  3. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which prohibits discrimination based on a disability. The ADA also requires employers to provide reasonable accommodations to employees with disabilities. ADA disabilities include both mental and physical conditions.
  4. The Colorado Anti-Discrimination Act, which was amended effective Jan. 1, 2015. Employees of small businesses are the primary beneficiaries because the act provides them with a remedy, including money damages and attorney's fees if they prevail against an employer with 15 or fewer employees. Because federal statutes such as Title VII do not apply to businesses with 15 or fewer employees, this new law now gives employees of such companies protection against all forms of discrimination, including race, gender, sexual harassment, age, disability and religion.

For additional information on various anti-discrimination laws, please review this link to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission ( EEOC).

Other Acts That Protect Your Rights

The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) and the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) are also important sources of employee rights.

  • The FLSA establishes minimum wage and overtime pay requirements.
  • The FMLA entitles eligible employees of covered employers up to 12 weeks of leave in a 12-month period for the birth or adoption of a child, care of an employee's spouse, child or parent who has a serious health condition, or a serious health condition that makes the employee unable to perform the essential functions of his or her job. Additional time may also apply for military caregiver leave.
  • For more information on the FMLA and FLSA, please review this link to leave benefits from the Department of Labor. The Colorado Wage Claim Act provides employees with additional rights under state law.

Discrimination Is Not Always Obvious

Generally, businesses are not going to admit to discriminating against their employees. At Robinson & Associates Law Office, LLC, we will look closely at all of the evidence and build a strong case for damages. Whether we resolve your case through a claim with the Colorado Civil Rights Division (CCRD) or the EEOC or settle out of court, we will be fighting for your rights at each step along the way. Call for a free consultation today: 303-872-3063 or complete our online contact form. Located in Aurora, we serve the entire Denver metro area.